By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Innovation: An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program Committee on Capitalizing on Science
In line with a Congressional mandate, the nationwide learn Council carried out a overview of the SBIR software on the 5 federal enterprises with SBIR courses with budgets in far more than $100 million (DOD, NIH, NASA, DOE, and NSF). The venture used to be designed to reply to questions of software operation and effectiveness, together with the standard of the examine tasks being carried out lower than the SBIR software, the commercialization of the study, and the program's contribution to achieving organization missions. This record describes the proposed method for the venture, opting for how the next initiatives should be conducted: amassing and interpreting company databases and stories; surveying organisations and corporations; engaging in case stories geared up round a standard template; and reviewing and reading survey and case examine effects and software accomplishments. Given the heterogeneity of pursuits and techniques around the 5 businesses concerned, a large spectrum of evaluative ways is suggested.
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Extra resources for An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program: Project Methodology
Html 58 Agencies have often reported information that is not mandatory so some of the above is available for many projects. For example, the SBA database through 1993 had names for 78 percent of the PI. It had phone numbers for just over half of the named PI. Number of firm employees was entered in 5 percent of the entries. 25 7. Methodology Development: Primary Research The wide scope of the current study and gaps in the existing data will necessitate a considerable amount of primary research.
63 • Firms by total revenues and by revenues attributable to the SBIR-related commercialization • Firms by employment effects • Recipients of single vs. multiple awards • Other criteria, including the procedural efficiency of converting from Phase I to Phase II The Committee is also interested in finding relevant points of comparison between research quality and research value. However, such comparisons are complicated because SBIR and non-SBIR funding is differentiated not only by the size of the firm but also by the kind of research, by funding rationale, and by time horizon.
Additionality tests can be strengthened by using statistical tools and econometric techniques to help rule out other causes. 74 Use of a control group will entail the comparison of a program group with a comparable group that did not participate in the program. Although identifying appropriate control groups will be challenging and can be controversial, the approach is worth considering. Good examples of the use of control groups in evaluation are also available from ATP studies, where they have been used in conjunction with surveys and supporting econometric analysis.