By David P. Handlin

The United States has continuously offered a special problem to architects: should still they emulate the previous global or reply to the calls for of the recent? David Handlin tells the complicated tale with lucidity and perception. nearly from its seventeenth-century beginnings, American structure used to be topic to 2 it sounds as if contradictory processesthe useful and the grandiose. the 1st comes via within the vernacular constructions of rural the United States, the techniques of Jefferson, Bulfinch's high quality civic structures, the workplaces and factories of the economic Age, and the comfy household culture that lies at the back of the homes of the Greene Brothers and Frank Lloyd Wright. the second one is obvious within the extraordinary bold of the Chicago Schoolgreat engineers like Adler united with nice designers like Sullivan; within the majestic country capitols, exhibition halls, and public constructions via enterprises equivalent to McKim, Mead & White; within the luxurious of 5th street mansions; and within the exuberance of business Manhattan.The revised version ends with a full of life account of contemporary developmentsvirtual structure, the revival of old kinds (including modernism), the thirst for impressive originality, and a brand new curiosity within the neighborhood, with figures together with Stern, Meier, Gehry, and Mockbee. 264 illustrations.

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T wo barrel -va ulted corrid ors gave access to all th e ro o m s. Such solid constr uctio n dema nded little elabo ration . M ill s thus treated the Firepr oo f Buildi n g as an un co mp ro mi sing ly co mpact tw o - sto ry block set o n a hi gh base and en te red th ro ugh tw o D o ri c po rti coes. Mills's m ain inn ova tion in plan , and a way in w hi ch he directl y refl ected hi s " co untry' s tastes and requ irem ents," was in th e desig n of church es. Mill s lived at a time when preachin g was becom in g a m aj o r for ce in Ameri can re li gio n as unprecedente dly large crowd s fl ocked to hea r a new genera ti on o f po pular minist ers.

As he gave emphasis to the doors, Mcintire played down the windows which never departed, except in uncxccuted designs, from a rectangular format. The casin gs of his ea rl y houses were often elaborated with a frieze and cornice. Later, Mcintire tended to simplify these clements so that they would be more contin uous with the plane of the facade. The rooms in Mcintirc's houses had a similar combination of straightforwardness and subtlety. Symmetrical in plan, they were organized to give emphasis to the doorway, the fireplace, and the windows.

The Hoosac Tunne l (1851-75) in western Massachusetts was notorious, rather than famous; it took over twenty years and the invention of a new digging technology to complete. Nevertheless, it too was celebrated as a significant achievement. These works may have been classified as civil engineering projects, but parts of all of them, especially major sections in masonry, were designed with architectural intentions in mind. The interaction of these two sets of values was especially apparent in bridges.

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