By Anoushiravan Ehteshami
This e-book deals a finished learn of post-Khomeini Iran, exploring the Rafsanjani management from monetary, political, foreign, and strategic views. Anoush Ehteshami assesses the serious dilemmas of the regime either ahead of and because the loss of life of its first non secular chief.
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Additional resources for After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic
The acting C-in-C, Speaker Rafsanjani, stated on 18 July 1988 that Iran’s acceptance of a cease-fire ‘will open a new chapter in our history’ (SWB, ME/0208, 20 July 1988). Interestingly, it was the ‘Young Turks’ of the regime 28 After Khomeini who were setting the pace of change. For example, according to Iraqi sources, the letter carrying Iran’s acceptance of SCR 598 to the UN Secretary-General was not drafted by Khomeini’s office, but by Khamenei, Rafsanjani and Moussavi Ardebili in the Majlis Speaker’s office, on the morning of 17 July (SWB, ME/0218, 1 August 1988).
He was elected President of the republic in 1981, a post he kept until his election by the Assembly of Experts as the Faqih in June 1989. Rafsanjani’s ascent of the ladder of power in the republic was particularly rapid, as more senior religiousrevolutionary Islamic figures lost their lives to opposition-instigated political violence. He was elected to the first Majlis of the IRI as an MP from Tehran. Before becoming Speaker of the Majlis in July 1980, he had held the post of supervisor of the Ministry of the Interior.
It too came under severe pressure after 1988 and its voice was effectively silenced during the crucial days in June and July 1989 when a new leadership was emerging to replace Ayatollah Khomeini. THE MONARCHIST CONTENDERS The monarchist contenders for power in Iran can be divided into a number of categories, based on leadership, political programme, and closeness to the ancien régime. The fundamentalist monarchists (FM) constituted that faction of the monarchist camp that believed in a strong, independent and powerful Shah at the helm of the state.