By Rosemary Horrox, W. Mark Ormrod

What was once lifestyles relatively like in England within the later center a long time? This finished advent explores the total breadth of English existence and society within the interval 1200-1500. beginning with a survey of historiographical and demographic debates, the ebook then explores the important issues of later medieval society, together with the social hierarchy, existence in cities and the nation-state, non secular trust, and different types of person and collective identification. Clustered round those subject matters a sequence of authoritative essays enhance our knowing of different vital social and cultural beneficial properties of the interval, together with the adventure of warfare, paintings, legislations and order, early life and outdated age, ritual, commute and delivery, and the improvement of writing and examining. Written in an available and interesting demeanour through a global crew of prime students, this e-book is imperative either as an advent for college students and as a source for experts.

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Extra resources for A Social History of England, 1200-1500

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In reality, there was much more certainty in peasant life – in the matters of tenure and services – than is implied here. Nonetheless, these beliefs were ideologically potent and had a general effect upon social attitudes. Freedom was by no means an abstraction. 4 These disabilities, moreover, were regarded by the royal courts as tests of villeinage. They included compulsory labour services performed by tenants on their lord’s demesne as a condition of tenure, and involved both weekly work and so-called boon works at peak times of the year.

Nevertheless, the impact of growing demand was also felt in arable production. In particular, the demand generated by the London market had a marked influence on the type of grains produced by manorial demesnes and upon the intensity of arable production methods, whilst the capital also made its influence felt on land use in terms of its demands for wood for fuel. Historians now emphasise the innovations made in this period in response to rising demand. New crops were introduced, such as vetches for fodder, and intensive cropping systems were adopted, as in east Norfolk.

This lack of demand was, in turn, based on the fact that medieval urban growth was rather limited, at least when compared to that of the early modern period when the massive expansion of London meant that much of England’s agriculture had to be reorganised to meet the capital’s appetite for food and raw materials. The problem facing pre-modern agricultural growth was thus one of a lack of incentives to produce, rather than of any inherent inability to match demand with supply. But why was urban demand so restricted within the medieval economy?

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