By Dalya Cohen-Mor

Dalya Cohen-Mor examines the evolution of the idea that of destiny within the Arab international via readings of non secular texts, poetry, fiction, and folklore. She contends that trust in destiny has retained its power and keeps to play a pivotal position within the Arabs' outlook on existence and their social psychology. Interwoven with the chapters are sixteen glossy brief tales that additional light up this attention-grabbing subject.

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The philosophers relied on rational knowledge to arrive at the realization of God’s essence, whereas the mystics relied on intuitive knowledge. The philosophers emphasized the mind, the mystics the heart. 32 Al-Ghazza¯lı¯ (1058–1111), the authoritative theologian of Islam who is credited with reconciling orthodox Islam with Sfi u¯fism, insisted that there could be no metaphysics on a basis of pure thought and attacked the philosophers for their tendency to turn the faith of the common people into a system of rationally proven articles.

64 God’s Will 17 The Syrian novelist and sociologist Halim Barakat has examined socioeconomic, cultural, and personality forces that hinder development in Arab society. He identifies fatalism as one of the main cultural obstacles to change. He sees religion as the direct source, but not necessarily the only source, of this value orientation: Man is seen as a passive and predestined creature. He is virtuous inasmuch as he accepts his condition. Acceptance, resignation, contentment rather than rejection, rebellion and dissatisfaction are seen as positive values.

A similar crime of honor is depicted in the novel News from the Meneisi Farm (Akhba¯r izbat al-Manı¯sı¯, 1971) by Yu¯suf al-Qa ¯ıd. Set in the country estate of H fi a¯jj al-Manı¯sı¯, the work presents the tragedy of Sfi a¯birı¯n, the night watchman’s daughter who has been seduced and made pregnant by Sfi afwat, the son of the estate owner. Although the scandal is kept secret by her parents and Sfi a¯birı¯n undergoes an abortion, she is eventually killed by her brother al-Zana¯tı¯ to preserve the family’s honor.

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