By Marian Klamer
The sequence builds an in depth selection of prime quality descriptions of languages worldwide. each one quantity bargains a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a glossary and different proper details that's to be had at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language relations or region, and even though distinctive recognition is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and useful remedies of higher identified languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive ordinary of clinical caliber.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Kambera
This is illustrated in (54). e. a group of various kings). (54) a. b. ramba bokul kingking be big 'Various important kings' Now, in (55) below some reduplications of the compound ama bokul(u) 'elder, respected older man' (lit. 'big father') are given. Lexicalised compounds are usually reduplicated as a whole, as in (55a). Although other possibilities exist, as shown in (55b-d), reduplication of the whole NP is the most favoured form. (55) a. Da ama bokul(u) ART father be big 'The various elders' ama bokul(u) father be big b.
This segmentally empty morpheme receives its phonemic content from its base, the root. 33 Main stress remains on the first syllable of the root, as illustrated in (46). Observe that 'cv-reduplication' is not always identical to 'syllable reduplication', cf. ha-haila vs. 34 For the semantics of reduplicated forms, cf. 4. (46) CV reduplication watu äi wei pena men ria nggamu nggara hi reu tangar(u) hei lua ita wainggah(u). ng(u) haila ndau tata dangu [da:rju] \vutu 'stone' 'wood' 'pig' 'pencil' 'cat' 'blood' 'who' 'what' 'cry' 'talk, chat' 'watch X' 'go up' 'go' 'see (X)' 'throw X away' 'saddle' 'shiver' 'shake' '(be) a lot' 'be fat' wa- 'watu a- 'äi we- 'wei pe- 'pena [pje-'pjena] me- 'meu ri- 'ria ngga- 'nggamu ngga- 'nggara hi-hi [hi-'hi:] re- 'reu ta.
The nature of the reduplicative item attached is a CV template and the base it is attached to is a foot. The reduplicative morpheme is a prefix. CV reduplication is unlike syllable reduplication because CV reduplication does not depend on the prosodic structure of the base. That is, in reduplication, a string of the first two CV segments of the foot are blindly copied, even when they are part of a syllable. A reduplicative CV prefix and a 'normal' prefix in Kambera differ in some important respects.